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Web Services Glossary

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R

Refresh (see Reload)

Registrant - The person or company that carries the ownership title for a given domain name. You can determine the registrant of a domain name by performing a WHOIS lookup.

Registrar - A company that is able to register ".com," ".net," and ".org" domain names by directly accessing the Central Domain Name Database. NameSecure is a registrar.

Registrar Transfer - To give a different registrar the responsibility for maintaining the ownership of a domain name.

Registry - The Central Domain Name Database. This database holds the registration information for all a domain names with ".com," ".net," and ".org" top levels.

Registration Company - A company that is able to register domain names but must seek approval of the registration from an accredited registrar.

Reload - A command made through your web browser which forces your browser to load a web page from your ISP's server, rather than from your browser's cached memory.

Resolve - To successfully map a domain name to its corresponding IP address by way of name servers.

Resource Records - Databases which contain all data associated with their respective domain names and/or their respective zones.

Root Server - A central computer on the Internet that stores information about all the registered domain names. Internet specifications currently limit the number of root servers to 13. These are located in the U.S., the U.K., Sweden, and Japan. If a local name server can't resolve a particular domain name, it will query a root server.

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S

Second-Level Domain Name - The part of a domain name preceding the top level. In "mydomain.com," "mydomain" is the second-level domain name. Within the ".com," ".net," and ".org" domain names, it is the second-level domain names that are registered.

Secondary Name Server - The second name server referenced when attempting to resolve an Internet address. It is reserved for use as backup if resolution via the primary name server fails.

Secure Socket Layer - A protocol

that provides encrypted communications on the Internet. It is used by the HTTPS access method and was designed by Netscape.

Server - a computer used to transfer files via an Internet connection.

Shared Registration System (SRS) - A system that permits multiple registrars to provide Internet domain name registration services of top-level domains.

Simple Mail Transfer Protocol - A protocol used to transfer e-mail between computers. It is a server-to-server protocol. Client-to-server protocols such as IMAP and POP3 are used to access e-mail messages.

SMTP (see Simple Mail Transfer Protocol)

SOA (Start of Authority) Resource Record - A type of record in the domain name system that indicates that a particular name server contains authoritative data for a domain name.

SRS (see Shared Registration System)

SSL (see Secure Socket Layer)

Sub-Domain - A partition within a domain name, usually a third level domain name.

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T

Technical Contact - The individual or company responsible for all technical changes to a domain name. The technical contact is usually the person or organization responsible for maintaining the primary name server for the domain name.

TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol) - The primary language that computers use to communicate with one another over the Internet. Protocols such as HTTP and FTP run on top of TCP/IP.

Third Level Domain Name - The part of a domain name preceding the second level and top level in an address. In a Web address, the third-level domain name is usually "www." The third level often specifies the type of information that a computer is responsible for on a network; the computer at "www.mycompany.com" will typically be a Web server while the one at "mail.mycompany.com" will be a mail server.

TLD (see Top-Level Domain Name)

Top-Level Domain Name - The rightmost part of a domain name. Generic TLDs include ".com," ".net," and ".org"; country code TLDs include .jp (Japan), .uk (United Kingdom) and .au (Australia).

Trademark - A word, phrase, graphic image, or symbol used by a business or other organization to represent itself or its merchandise. Trademarks must be registered with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (in the United States) or with the appropriate international authority in order to be legally recognized.

Transfer In - A change of domain name service or registrar to NameSecure from another company.

Transfer Out - A change of domain name service or registrar from NameSecure to another company.

Transfer DNS (see Change DNS Information)

Transfer Registrar (see Change Registrar)

T1 - A type of data connection able to transmit a digital signal at 1.544 megabits per second. T1 lines are often used to link large computer networks, such as those that make up the Internet.

T3 - A type of data connection able to transmit a digital signal at 44Mbps. T3 lines are often used to link large computer networks, such as those that make up the Internet.

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